Annals of Thoracic Medicine
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 163--170

Prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in Saudi pregnant women


Aljohara S Almeneessier1, Mohammed Alangari2, Abdulmalik Aldubayan2, Abdulrahman Alsharidah2, Aamer Altaki2, Awad H Olaish2, Yasser S Sabr3, Ahmed S BaHammam4 
1 Department of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center; Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; The Strategic Technologies Program of the National Plan for Sciences and Technology and Innovation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ahmed S BaHammam
Department of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Post Box: 225503, Riyadh 11324

Aljohara S Almeneessier
Department of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Post Box: 225503, Riyadh 11324
Saudi Arabia

BACKGROUND: This case-control study aimed to assess the prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among Saudi pregnant women. METHODS: The study included consecutive Saudi pregnant women attending the antenatal service between July 2015 and December 2016. Pregnant women were compared with an age-matched group of nonpregnant women. OSA symptoms and risk were assessed using a validated Arabic version of the Berlin questionnaire (BQ). RESULTS: The study included 742 pregnant women and 742 age-matched nonpregnant women. At the time of the survey, 8.2% were in the first trimester; 33.4% in the second trimester; and 58.4%in third trimester. Snoring was reported by 14% of pregnant women, and 5% reported breathing pauses during sleep. Based on the BQ stratification for risk of OSA, 19.3% of pregnant women and 16.6% of the control group were at high risk for OSA. A comparison between the high OSA-risk and low OSA-risk pregnant women revealed that the pregnant women in high risk group were older (30.9 ± 5.9 years vs. 29 ± 5.4 years, P = 0.001), had a higher body mass index (BMI) (34.3 ± 5.2 kg/m2 vs. 28.7 ± 5.8 kg/m2,P < 0.001), and higher parity (1.9 ± 2 vs. 1.5 ± 1.7, P = 0.020). A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the following independent variables, BMI (odds ratio [OR] 1.173 [95% confidence interval [CI] 1.129–1.219],P < 0.001), pregnancy-induced hypertension (OR 7.85 [95% CI 1.691–36.447], P = 0.013), and the presence of restless legs syndrome (OR 2.209 [95% CI 1.332–3.279],P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: OSA symptoms and risk were relatively common among Saudi pregnant women. Increasing the awareness among physicians about this association is essential to improve early detection of the disorder.


How to cite this article:
Almeneessier AS, Alangari M, Aldubayan A, Alsharidah A, Altaki A, Olaish AH, Sabr YS, BaHammam AS. Prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in Saudi pregnant women.Ann Thorac Med 2020;15:163-170


How to cite this URL:
Almeneessier AS, Alangari M, Aldubayan A, Alsharidah A, Altaki A, Olaish AH, Sabr YS, BaHammam AS. Prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in Saudi pregnant women. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Oct 18 ];15:163-170
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2020;volume=15;issue=3;spage=163;epage=170;aulast=Almeneessier;type=0