Annals of Thoracic Medicine
CASE REPORT
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151--154

The therapeutic dilemma of vagus nerve stimulator-induced sleep disordered breathing


Hinesh Upadhyay1, Sushanth Bhat1, Divya Gupta1, Martha Mulvey2, Sue Ming3 
1 Sleep Disorder Center, Neuroscience Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison, Newark, New Jersey, USA
2 Department of Neurosciences and Neurology, Rutgers University - New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA
3 Sleep Disorder Center, Neuroscience Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison; Department of Neurosciences and Neurology, Rutgers University - New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence Address:
Hinesh Upadhyay
Sleep Disorder Center, Neuroscience Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison, Newark, New Jersey
USA

Intermittent vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can reduce the frequency of seizures in patients with refractory epilepsy, but can affect respiration in sleep. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can worsen seizure frequency. Unfortunately, OSA and VNS-induced sleep disordered breathing (SDB) may occur in the same patient, leading to a therapeutic dilemma. We report a pediatric patient in whom OSA improved after tonsillectomy, but coexistent VNS-induced SDB persisted. With decrease in VNS output current, patient's SDB improved, but seizure activity exacerbated, which required a return to the original settings. Continuous positive airway pressure titration was attempted, which showed only a partial improvement in apnea–hypopnea index. This case illustrates the need for clinicians to balance seizure control and SDB in patients with VNS.


How to cite this article:
Upadhyay H, Bhat S, Gupta D, Mulvey M, Ming S. The therapeutic dilemma of vagus nerve stimulator-induced sleep disordered breathing.Ann Thorac Med 2016;11:151-154


How to cite this URL:
Upadhyay H, Bhat S, Gupta D, Mulvey M, Ming S. The therapeutic dilemma of vagus nerve stimulator-induced sleep disordered breathing. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Jan 27 ];11:151-154
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2016;volume=11;issue=2;spage=151;epage=154;aulast=Upadhyay;type=0