Annals of Thoracic Medicine
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 185--192

Incidence of tuberculosis and immunological profile of TB/HIV co-infected patients in Nigeria


Baba Maiyaki Musa1, Babashani Musa1, Hamza Muhammed1, Nashabaru Ibrahim1, Abubakar Garbati Musa2 
1 Department of Medicine, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Section of Infectious Diseases, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Baba Maiyaki Musa
Department of Medicine, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
Nigeria

Background: We obtained estimates of the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) among patients receiving HIV Treatment. We also modeled the relationship between incident TB and change in CD4 count over the follow-up period. Methods: We analyzed the incidence of TB over 10 years from initiation of HIV treatment among 345 HIV treatment-naοve persons, who were enrolled in a cohort in Kano, Nigeria. We used Generalized Estimating Equation [GEE] to identify determinants of TB incidence and model the relationship between the occurrences of TB with change in CD4 count over the follow-up period. We created Kaplan-Meier curves stratified by anti-retroviral therapy (ART) treatment failure status to examine the effect of first line ART treatment failure on occurrence of TB. Result: During the 10-year period, 47(13.62%) had TB [incidence was 7.43 per (1,000) person year)]. It is associated with decreasing age (OR = 0.98), female gender (OR = 0.83), being on first line ART other than AZT (OR = 0.87), poor adherence (OR = 1.25), change in ART regimen (OR = 2.3) and ART treatment failure (OR = 1.51). Odds of TB occurrence was also associated with CD4 increment at 10 years (OR = 0.99). Those with TB/HIV co-infection tend to have statistically significant shorter time to failing first line ART regimen compared to those with HIV infection alone. Conclusion: There was high incidence of TB in the studied HIV cohort with a deleterious effect on the outcome of ART treatment. There is need for early TB screening and re-screening among all HIV patients.


How to cite this article:
Musa BM, Musa B, Muhammed H, Ibrahim N, Musa AG. Incidence of tuberculosis and immunological profile of TB/HIV co-infected patients in Nigeria.Ann Thorac Med 2015;10:185-192


How to cite this URL:
Musa BM, Musa B, Muhammed H, Ibrahim N, Musa AG. Incidence of tuberculosis and immunological profile of TB/HIV co-infected patients in Nigeria. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Jan 22 ];10:185-192
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2015;volume=10;issue=3;spage=185;epage=192;aulast=Musa;type=0