Annals of Thoracic Medicine
GUIDELINES
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 38--41

Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Schistosomiasis and pulmonary arterial hypertension


Ghazwan Butrous 
 Professor of Cardiopulmonary Sciences, Department of Cardiology, Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute, London, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Ghazwan Butrous
Managing Director, Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute, Department of Cardiology, London
United Kingdom

Schistosomiasis is caused by infection with the parasite Schistosoma, which is a flat-worm or fluke. The dominant species are Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma japonicum, and Schistosoma haematobium. Schistosomiasis is the third most common parasitic disease in the world after malaria and amoebiasis. It is endemic in more than 70 countries affecting about 200 million people worldwide, of whom 80% are in sub-Saharan Africa. There are pockets of infection in north-eastern Brazil, near the Yangtze River in China, and some pockets in south East Asia. In the East Mediterranean regions, the Schistosoma have been reported in Iraq and Egypt as well as in Sudan. The latter has the highest infection rate nowadays, particularly in the Al Jazeera area, due to the poor Schistosoma control program. In the Arabian peninsula, schistosomiasis has been reported in southwest part of Saudi Arabia, mainly in the Asir province and Jizan province, which lay in the southwest corner of Saudi Arabia and directly north of the border with Yemen. The efforts to control schistosomiasis have been very successful in Saudi Arabia due to the irrigation system control. However, the infection is prone in Yemen, where the schistosomiasis control is much less strict. Thus as a result, the problem still exists due to transmigration of the populations from both countries. As a cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), schistosomiasis is still under diagnosed and undertreated. This article with give a highlight about the pathophysiology of the disease and both diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.


How to cite this article:
Butrous G. Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Schistosomiasis and pulmonary arterial hypertension.Ann Thorac Med 2014;9:38-41


How to cite this URL:
Butrous G. Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Schistosomiasis and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2022 May 23 ];9:38-41
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2014;volume=9;issue=5;spage=38;epage=41;aulast=Butrous;type=0