Annals of Thoracic Medicine
BRIEF REPORT
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116--120

Broncho-vascular fistulas from self-expanding metallic stents: A retrospective case review


Chirag Choudhary1, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay1, Reyadh Salman2, Thomas Gildea1, Atul Mehta1 
1 Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
2 Salmaniya Medical Complex/Ibn Al Nafees Hospital, Bahrain

Correspondence Address:
Chirag Choudhary
Mail Code- G62, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195
USA

To highlight a potentially fatal complication of broncho-vascular fistula arising from the self expanding metallic stent (SEMS) placement. We retrospectively analyzed five patients with benign and malignant airway diseases, who developed tracheo/broncho-vascular fistulas following SEMS placement in our tertiary care setting. All patients received either Wallstent or Ultraflex® stent (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) between 1999 and 2007. All patients had received adjunct therapy such as balloon bronchoplasty, laser therapy or electrocautery. Most patients presented with massive hemoptysis. A total of 483 SEMS were placed during this period. SEMS placement can be complicated by Broncho-vascular fistula formation. True incidence and precise time interval between the insertion of stent and onset of this complication is unknown. Additional therapeutic modalities to maintain stent patency may enhance the risk of fistula formation. SEMS should only be used in a select sub-group of patients, after exhaustive evaluation of other treatment options. These cases provide evidence that broncho-vascular fistulas can develop at any time following SEMS placement, suggesting the need for a more cautious approach, especially while using them for a long term management. In benign airway disease, the stent should be removed as soon as healing has taken place.


How to cite this article:
Choudhary C, Bandyopadhyay D, Salman R, Gildea T, Mehta A. Broncho-vascular fistulas from self-expanding metallic stents: A retrospective case review.Ann Thorac Med 2013;8:116-120


How to cite this URL:
Choudhary C, Bandyopadhyay D, Salman R, Gildea T, Mehta A. Broncho-vascular fistulas from self-expanding metallic stents: A retrospective case review. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Dec 8 ];8:116-120
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2013;volume=8;issue=2;spage=116;epage=120;aulast=Choudhary;type=0