Annals of Thoracic Medicine
: 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 109--114

Evaluation of liver transplant candidates: A pulmonary perspective

Serife Savas Bozbas, Fusun Eyuboglu 
 Department of Pulmonary Disease, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Serife Savas Bozbas
Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, F. Cakmak Cad, Bahcelievler, 06490 Ankara

Chronic liver disease is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the worldwide adult population. Liver transplant is the gold standard therapy for end-stage liver disease and many patients are on the waiting list for a transplant. A variety of pulmonary disorders are encountered in cirrhotic patients. Pleura, lung parenchyma, and pulmonary vasculature may be affected in these patients. Hypoxemia is relatively common and can be asymptomatic. Hepatopulmonary syndrome should be investigated in hypoxic cirrhotic patients. Gas exchange abnormalities are common and are generally correlated with the severity of liver disease. Both obstructive and restrictive types of airway disease can be present. Abnormal diffusion capacity is the most frequently observed pulmonary function disorder in patients with cirrhosis. Hepatic hydrothorax is another finding which is usually seen in conjunction with, but occasionally without ascites. Portopulmonary hypertension is a complication of long standing liver dysfunction and when severe, is accepted as a containdication to liver transplant. Since respiratory disorders are common and have significant impact on postoperative outcome in patients undergoing liver transplant, a careful preoperative pulmonary assessment is important.

How to cite this article:
Bozbas SS, Eyuboglu F. Evaluation of liver transplant candidates: A pulmonary perspective.Ann Thorac Med 2011;6:109-114

How to cite this URL:
Bozbas SS, Eyuboglu F. Evaluation of liver transplant candidates: A pulmonary perspective. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2011 [cited 2022 Sep 30 ];6:109-114
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