Annals of Thoracic Medicine
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 238--241

A case-control study of bidi smoking and bronchogenic carcinoma


R Prasad1, RC Ahuja2, S Singhal1, AN Srivastava3, P James1, V Kesarwani1, D Singh1 
1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj Medical University (Erstwhile K.G. Medical University), Lucknow, India
2 Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj Medical University (Erstwhile K.G. Medical University), Lucknow, India
3 Department of Pathology, Era's Lucknow Medical College, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
R Prasad
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003
India

Objective : To evaluate the risks imposed by tobacco smoking, in particular, bidi smoking, in the development of lung cancer. Methods : Two hundred eighty-four histologically confirmed patients of bronchogenic carcinoma and 852 controls matched for age, sex, and socioeconomic status were interviewed according to a predesigned questionnaire. Effects of individual variables defining the various aspects of tobacco smoking, in particular, bidi smoking, were assessed using logistic regression models. Results : 81.3% cases of bronchogenic carcinoma were ever smokers as compared with 42.2% among controls. The odd ratios for ever smoking, bidi smoking, and cigarette smoking were 5.9 (confidence interval [CI] 4.3, 8.4), 6.1 (CI 4.3, 8.7), and 5.3 (CI 2.7, 10.4), respectively. Conclusion : Bidi smoking poses a very high risk for lung cancer even more than that of cigarette smoking.


How to cite this article:
Prasad R, Ahuja R C, Singhal S, Srivastava A N, James P, Kesarwani V, Singh D. A case-control study of bidi smoking and bronchogenic carcinoma.Ann Thorac Med 2010;5:238-241


How to cite this URL:
Prasad R, Ahuja R C, Singhal S, Srivastava A N, James P, Kesarwani V, Singh D. A case-control study of bidi smoking and bronchogenic carcinoma. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2010 [cited 2021 Jun 14 ];5:238-241
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2010;volume=5;issue=4;spage=238;epage=241;aulast=Prasad;type=0