Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
 
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113-115

Melioidosis and pulmonary tuberculosis co-infection in a diabetic


1 Department of Microbiology, Father Muller Medical College, Kankanady, India
2 Department of Medicine, A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences, Kuntikana, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Anup Kumar Shetty
Department of Microbiology, Father Muller Medical College, Kankanady, Mangalore, Karnataka -575 002
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.62476

PMID: 20582178

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Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis. It is endemic in South East Asian countries and North Australia. Sporadic cases of melioidosis have been reported from several parts of South India. Melioidosis may manifest as chronic pneumonia mimicking tuberculosis and generally be seen as a single entity. We report the first case of melioidosis and pulmonary tuberculosis co-infection in a diabetic patient. The causative agents were identified using standard methods and the patient recovered after completion of the recommended antibiotic therapy. Melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease in India. Though melioidosis and tuberculosis present with similar clinical picture, co-infections are rare. Hence, increased awareness among clinicians and microbiologists can help in diagnosing the disease even when there is no clinical suspicion.


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