Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 208-210

A case-control study of tobacco smoking and tuberculosis in India

1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Chhatrapati Sahuji Maharaj Medical University (Erstwhile K. G. Medical University), Lucknow, India
2 Department of Statistics, Lucknow University, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
R Prasad
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Chhatrapati Sahuji Maharaj Medical University, (Erstwhile K.G. Medical University), Lucknow - 226 003
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.56007

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Objectives: To evaluate the role of smoking as a risk factor for the development of pulmonary tuberculosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 111 sputum smear-positive patients of pulmonary tuberculosis and 333 controls matched for age and sex were interviewed according to a predesigned questionnaire. Results: The adjusted odd ratio of the association between tobacco smoking and pulmonary tuberculosis was 3.8 (95% confidence interval, 2.0 to 7.0; P value, < 0001). A positive relationship between pack years, body mass index and socioeconomic class was also observed. Conclusion: There is a positive association between tobacco smoking and pulmonary tuberculosis.

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