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Figure 1: Selection of the study subjects from 76 post-tuberculosis bronchial stenosis patients. *Due to dense fibrosis, mechanical dilatation failed in one patient. †One patient underwent a right upper lobectomy and resection of the right main bronchus with distal carina-bronchus intermedius anastomosis when restenosis developed. ‡Three patients refused stent removal due to concerns regarding restenosis. §Forty-four patients with incomplete bronchial stenosis who underwent elective stent removal were selected for this study and the restenosis rate after stent removal was 16%. ¶Patients with complete bronchial stenosis suffered 70% restenosis after stent removal, which was significantly higher than those with incomplete stenosis (P = 0.002). PTBS = Post-tuberculosis bronchial stenosis, BD = Bronchial dilatation

Figure 1: Selection of the study subjects from 76 post-tuberculosis bronchial stenosis patients. *Due to dense fibrosis, mechanical dilatation failed in one patient. †One patient underwent a right upper lobectomy and resection of the right main bronchus with distal carina-bronchus intermedius anastomosis when restenosis developed. ‡Three patients refused stent removal due to concerns regarding restenosis. §Forty-four patients with incomplete bronchial stenosis who underwent elective stent removal were selected for this study and the restenosis rate after stent removal was 16%. ¶Patients with complete bronchial stenosis suffered 70% restenosis after stent removal, which was significantly higher than those with incomplete stenosis (P = 0.002). PTBS = Post-tuberculosis bronchial stenosis, BD = Bronchial dilatation