Annals of Thoracic Medicine
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 216--220

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: A clinical review of 24 patients: Are we right in frequent serologic monitoring?


Subramanian Natarajan1, Poonam Subramanian2 
1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Dhanwantary Hospital, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, The Lung Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Subramanian Natarajan
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Dhanwantary Hospital, Mulund West-400 080, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India

Background: Allergic Broncho Pulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) is a rare disease characterized by an allergic inflammatory response to the colonization by aspergillus or other fungi in the airways. The aim was to study the clinical, radiological, and serological characteristics of patients of ABPA. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study of patients with breathlessness, chronic cough, blood eosinophilia, and infiltrates on chest X-ray were evaluated with serologic and allergic skin fungal tests using 15 common fungal antigens. Total of 24 patients were diagnosed as ABPA. Results: Total 24 patients, 15 males (62%), 9 females (38%). Age range: 14-70 years, mean 49.13, standard deviation (SD) 14.12. Central bronchiectasis - sixteen patients, bronchocoele - one patient, consolidation - five patients, collapse with mucous plugging with areas of consolidation - three patients, one patient had bronchiectasis, consolidation with hemorrhagic pleural effusion. Fifty-eight percent of patients had received anti-tuberculosis medications prior to diagnosis. Serum total IgE varied from 340 to 18100 IU/mL. Two patients had IgE levels below 1,000 IU/mL. The mean decrease in Serum total IgE levels at the end of 1 month was 26.1% (range: 0.7-71.9%) and at the end of 2 months was 58.9% (range: 11.11-93.26%) (P value of 0.004). Two patients had skin sensitivity to fungal antigens other than aspergillus species. Conclusion: ABPA is a disease with varied clinical, radiological, and serological patterns. Serum IgE monitoring may be done at the end of 2 and 6 months. Further studies are required to simplify the diagnosis and treatment algorithms in resource-limited countries.


How to cite this article:
Natarajan S, Subramanian P. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: A clinical review of 24 patients: Are we right in frequent serologic monitoring?.Ann Thorac Med 2014;9:216-220


How to cite this URL:
Natarajan S, Subramanian P. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: A clinical review of 24 patients: Are we right in frequent serologic monitoring?. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Sep 27 ];9:216-220
Available from: http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2014;volume=9;issue=4;spage=216;epage=220;aulast=Natarajan;type=0