Annals of Thoracic Medicine
: 2010  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 201--216

Imaging lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS

Carolyn M Allen1, Hamdan H AL-Jahdali2, Klaus L Irion3, Sarah Al Ghanem2, Alaa Gouda2, Ali Nawaz Khan1 
1 North Manchester General Hospital, Pennine Acute NHS Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
2 King Fahad Hospital King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 The Cardiothoracic Centre Liverpool NHS Trust, The Royal Liverpool University Hospital, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Ali Nawaz Khan
North Manchester General Hospital, Pennine Acute NHS Trust Crumpsall, Manchester M8 6RB
United Kingdom

Advances in our understanding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have led to improved care and incremental increases in survival. However, the pulmonary manifestations of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Respiratory complaints are not infrequent in patients who are HIV positive. The great majority of lung complications of HIV/AIDS are of infectious etiology but neoplasm, interstitial pneumonias, Kaposi sarcoma and lymphomas add significantly to patient morbidity and mortality. Imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of lung of complications associated with HIV. Accurate diagnosis is based on an understanding of the pathogenesis of the processes involved and their imaging findings. Imaging also plays an important role in selection of the most appropriate site for tissue sampling, staging of disease and follow-ups. We present images of lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS, describing the salient features and the differential diagnosis.

How to cite this article:
Allen CM, AL-Jahdali HH, Irion KL, Al Ghanem S, Gouda A, Khan AN. Imaging lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS.Ann Thorac Med 2010;5:201-216

How to cite this URL:
Allen CM, AL-Jahdali HH, Irion KL, Al Ghanem S, Gouda A, Khan AN. Imaging lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Aug 3 ];5:201-216
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