Annals of Thoracic Medicine
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2007  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3--8

A review of 151 cases of pediatric noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in a tertiary care center


Hanaa Hasan Banjar 
 Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH and RC), Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Hanaa Hasan Banjar
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH and RC), Department of Pediatrics, P.O. Box 3354, MBC-58, Riyadh 11211
Saudi Arabia

Objective: This study was conducted to review the etiological factors and diseases associated with pediatric noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of all patients with confirmed noncystic fibrosis (Non-CF) bronchiectasis by chest X-ray and/or CT chest in a pulmonary clinic during the period 1993-2005 at a tertiary care center in Riyadh. Results: A total of 151 cases were diagnosed as Non-CF bronchiectasis. Seventy-five (49.7%) were male, 76 (50.3%) were female; 148 (98%) are alive and 3 (2%) died. The southwestern regions constituted 72 (50%) of the cases. There was a period of (5 3.2) years between the start of symptoms and diagnosis of bronchiectasis. More than two-thirds of the patients had cough, tachypnea, wheezing, sputum production and failure to thrive. Ninety-one (60%) had associated diseases: Pulmonary diseases in 48 (32%), immunodeficiency in 27 (18%), central nervous system anomalies in 10 (7%), cardiac in 10 (7%) and asthma in 103 (68%) of the patients. Left lower lobe was commonly involved in 114 (76%) patients. Sixty-eight (67%) were found to have sinusitis. More than two-thirds of patients had two or more associated diseases. Forty-nine (32%) developed gastroesophageal reflux. Hemophilus influenza was cultured in 56 (37%), strept pneumoniae in 25 (17%) and pseudomonas aeruginosa in 24 (16%) of the patients. Eighty percent of the patients who had pulmonary function test had abnormal changes. Disease progression was related to development of symptoms before 5 years of age, persistent atelectasis and right lower lobe involvement ( P < 0.05). Conclusion: Non-CF bronchiectasis should be included in the differential diagnosis of recurrent chest infection in Saudi Arabia. Early diagnosis and identification of associated diseases is needed to prevent progression of the disease.


How to cite this article:
Banjar HH. A review of 151 cases of pediatric noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in a tertiary care center.Ann Thorac Med 2007;2:3-8


How to cite this URL:
Banjar HH. A review of 151 cases of pediatric noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in a tertiary care center. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2020 Feb 28 ];2:3-8
Available from: http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2007;volume=2;issue=1;spage=3;epage=8;aulast=Banjar;type=0