Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 193-202

Pictorial review of intrathoracic manifestations of progressive systemic sclerosis


1 Department of Medicine, King Saud University For Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Cardiothoracic Imaging Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
3 North Manchester General Hospital and Clinical Director, Acute Pennine NHS Trust, Crumpsal, Manchester, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Ali Nawaz Khan
Consultant Radiologist and Professor (Hon), North Manchester General Hospital, Acute Pennine NHS Trust, Crumpsal, Manchester M8 6RB
United Kingdom
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DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.140121

PMID: 25276237

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Intra-thoracic manifestations of progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) are not well known particularly the imaging features, which forms the basis of accurate and timely diagnosis. The aim of this study is to familiarize the physicians and radiologists with these features. The diagnosis can remain elusive because of the non-specific nature of symptoms which mimic many common conditions. Thus, the diagnosis of PSS can be missed leading to continuous morbidity if the correct imaging is not pursued. The authors examined the records of rheumatology patient referrals of over a 5 year period. A hundred and seventy patients with systemic sclerosis and mixed connective tissue disorders were chosen for detailed study of the imaging available, which form the basis of this review. The images included conventional chest radiographs, digital radiographs computed radiography (CT) and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Where applicable computed pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and radionuclide scans were also interrogated.


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