Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 133-141

Extracorporeal life support for acute respiratory distress syndromes


1 Section of Pulmonary Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA
2 Section of Anesthesiology, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA
3 Department of Surgery, University of California at San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA
4 Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA
5 Section of Cardiology, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA
6 Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA

Correspondence Address:
Don Hayes
The Ohio State University, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205
USA
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DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.114290

PMID: 23922607

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The morbidity and mortality of acute respiratory distress syndrome remain to be high. Over the last 50 years, the clinical management of these patients has undergone vast changes. Significant improvement in the care of these patients involves the development of mechanical ventilation strategies, but the benefits of these strategies remain controversial. With a growing trend of extracorporeal support for critically ill patients, we provide a historical review of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) including its failures and successes as well as discussing extracorporeal devices now available or nearly accessible while examining current clinical indications and trends of ECMO in respiratory failure.


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