Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
 
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 201-216

Imaging lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS


1 North Manchester General Hospital, Pennine Acute NHS Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
2 King Fahad Hospital King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 The Cardiothoracic Centre Liverpool NHS Trust, The Royal Liverpool University Hospital, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Ali Nawaz Khan
North Manchester General Hospital, Pennine Acute NHS Trust Crumpsall, Manchester M8 6RB
United Kingdom
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DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.69106

PMID: 20981180

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Advances in our understanding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have led to improved care and incremental increases in survival. However, the pulmonary manifestations of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Respiratory complaints are not infrequent in patients who are HIV positive. The great majority of lung complications of HIV/AIDS are of infectious etiology but neoplasm, interstitial pneumonias, Kaposi sarcoma and lymphomas add significantly to patient morbidity and mortality. Imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of lung of complications associated with HIV. Accurate diagnosis is based on an understanding of the pathogenesis of the processes involved and their imaging findings. Imaging also plays an important role in selection of the most appropriate site for tissue sampling, staging of disease and follow-ups. We present images of lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS, describing the salient features and the differential diagnosis.


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