Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
 
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EDITORIAL
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 147
Scientific misconduct and medical publishing


Intensive Care Department, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Yaseen M Arabi
Intensive Care Department, PO Box 22490, MC 1425, Riyadh, 11426
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.36547

PMID: 19727364

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How to cite this article:
Arabi YM. Scientific misconduct and medical publishing. Ann Thorac Med 2007;2:147

How to cite this URL:
Arabi YM. Scientific misconduct and medical publishing. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2020 Aug 5];2:147. Available from: http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/text.asp?2007/2/4/147/36547


It is a basic understanding that ethics of medical research should be observed throughout the research process, from the conception of the study idea to the conduction of the study and interpretation the results to writing the manuscript. Unfortunately, the integrity of research ethics is often violated. Violations vary in seriousness but all represent deviation from the honesty and originality expected from investigators. Furthermore, these practices make the scientific merit of the involved manuscripts suspect. Several forms of research misconduct have been encountered including plagiarism, falsification, fabrication, authorship fraud, and conflict of interest. Plagiarism refers to copying any of the writings of previous publications without attribution. This may include copying sentences, paragraphs, or whole articles. [1],[2] Self- plagiarism, which is using own writing from a previous publication, without permission. [3] Duplicate publication is a form of self- plagiarism. Many cases of plagiarism are detected at various stages of the peer review process. However, this mechanism of detection is far from being perfect, and many other cases escape detection. [4] However, more cases are being detected after publication via searching internet engines, such as Google. [5] Additionally, software programs have been developed to enable journals to spot plagiarism. [6] As medical journals thrive to present original and truthful literature, there is no room for accepting misconduct and fraud. Such practices are not only unethical but may be illegal in certain countries like the United States. [1] Such cases of research misconduct should serve as the impetus for the medical community to develop guidelines and procedures to guard against undesirable behaviors. Journals should undertake swift and firm measures in order to eliminate and prevent such practices. Once misconduct is identified in a publication, the journal should condemn such an act in the next issue and request the author to retract his/her paper. [7] The journal then should publish a retraction and provide and electronic link to the fraudulent article's citation. Another duty of the scientific community is to verify the integrity of other articles published by the author of a fraudulent article. The journal should notify the authors' institution to investigate the incident and take the necessary action. Journals should work in a network to notify each other when a fraudulent article is identified so it will not be published somewhere else. Journals must not publish any article with citation of fraudulent article. Finally, there is a need for a governmental agency that has the authority to investigate and punish guilty scientists. An example is the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) in the United States. [8] The Annals of thoracic Medicine is committed to preventing any form of research misconduct and will take the necessary actions against violators.

 
   References Top

1.Block AJ. Ethics. Chest 2001;119:321.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
2.Aronson JK. Plagiarism - please don't copy. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2007;64:403-5.  Back to cited text no. 2  [PUBMED]  
3.Afifi M. PubMed-indexed duplicate publications in the last decade, 1996-2006. Ann Saudi Med 2007;27:302-4.  Back to cited text no. 3  [PUBMED]  
4.Jefferson T. Detecting plagiarism: current quality control systems don't work. BMJ 2006;333:706.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
5.Weeks AD. Detecting plagiarism: Google could be the way forward. BMJ 2006;333:706.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.White C. Software makes it easier for journals to spot image manipulation. BMJ 2007;334:607.  Back to cited text no. 6    
7.Sox HC, Rennie D. Research misconduct, retraction and cleansing the medical literature: Lessons from the Poehlman case. Ann Intern Med 2006;144:609-13.  Back to cited text no. 7  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
8.Mello MM, Brennan TA. Due process in investigations of research misconduct. N Engl J Med 2003;349:1280-6.  Back to cited text no. 8  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]



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